El Elyon Most High - One Of The Names Of God.
And blessed be God Most High [El Elyon], Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” And he gave him a tithe of all. Genesis 14:20 NKJV
Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament El Elyon occurs 28 times.
It occurs 19 times in Psalms. El Elyon is first used in Gen 14:18.
El Elyon in the Septuagint: ho theos ho hupsistos…the God most high
Meaning and Derivation: El is another name that is translated as "God" and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God's character. Elyon literally means "Most High" and is used both adjectivally and substantivally throughout the Old Testament. It expresses the extreme sovereignty and majesty of God and His highest preeminence. When the two words are combined…El Elyon …it can be translated as "the most exalted God."(Psalm 57:2)
Further references of the name El Elyon in the Old Testament:
Genesis 14:18; Genesis 14:19; Genesis 14:20; Genesis 14:22; Psalm 57:2; Psalm 78:35
Two things were said by him: He blessed Abram from God: Blessed be Abram, blessed of the most high God, Genesis 14:19. Observe the titles he here gives to God, which are very glorious. The most high God, which bespeaks his absolute perfections in himself and his sovereign dominion over all the creatures he is King of kings. Note, It will greatly help both our faith and our reverence in prayer to eye God as the most high God, and to call him so. Possessor of heaven and earth, that is, rightful owner, and sovereign Lord, of all the creatures, because he made them. This bespeaks him a great God, and greatly to be praised (Psalm 24:1), and those a happy people who have an interest in his favour and love.
He blessed God for Abram (Genesis 14:20): and blessed be the most high God. Note, In all our prayers, we must praise God, and join hallelujahs with all our hosannahs. These are the spiritual sacrifices we must offer up daily, and upon particular occasions. (2.) God, as the most high God, must have the glory of all our victories, Exodus 17:15,1 Samuel 7:10,12 Judges 5:1,2,2 Chronicles 20:21. In them he shows himself higher than our enemies (Exodus 18:11), and higher than we for without him we could do nothing. We ought to give thanks for others' mercies as for our own, triumphing with those that triumph. Jesus Christ, our great high priest, is the Mediator both of our prayers and praises, and not only offers up ours, but his own for us. See Luke 10:21.
What was done to him: Abram gave him tithes of all, that is, of the spoils, Hebrews 7:4. This may be looked upon, As a gratuity presented to Melchizedek, by way of return for his tokens of respect. Note, Those that receive kindness should show kindness. Gratitude is one of nature's laws. As an offering vowed and dedicated to the most high God, and therefore put into the hands of Melchizedek his priest. Note, When we have received some signal mercy from God, it is very fit that we should express our thankfulness by some special act of pious charity. God must always have his dues out of our substance, especially when, by any particular providence, he has either preserved or increased it to us. That the tenth of our increase is a very fit proportion to be set apart for the honour of God and the service of his sanctuary. That Jesus Christ, our great Melchizedek, is to have homage done him, and to be humbly acknowledged by every one of us as our king and priest and not only the tithe of all, but all we have, must be surrendered and given up to him. - Matthew Henry