1 But I determined this for my own sake, that I awould not come to you in sorrow again. 2 For if I acause you sorrow, who then makes me glad but the one whom I made sorrowful? 3 This is the very thing I awrote you, so that bwhen I came, I would not have sorrow from those who ought to make me rejoice; having cconfidence in you all that my joy would be the joy of you all. 4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I awrote to you with many tears; not so that you would be made sorrowful, but that you might know the love which I have especially for you. 5 But aif any has caused sorrow, he has caused sorrow not to me, but in some degree--in order not to say too much--to all of you. 6 Sufficient for such a one is athis punishment which was inflicted by the majority, 7 so that on the contrary you should rather aforgive and comfort him, otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. 8 Wherefore I urge you to reaffirm your love for him. 9 For to this end also aI wrote, so that I might bput you to the test, whether you are cobedient in all things. 10 But one whom you forgive anything, I forgive also; for indeed what I have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, I did it for your sakes ain the presence of Christ, 11 so that no advantage would be taken of us by aSatan, for bwe are not ignorant of his schemes. 12 Now when I came to aTroas for the bgospel of Christ and when a cdoor was opened for me in the Lord, 13 I ahad no rest for my spirit, not finding bTitus my brother; but ctaking my leave of them, I went on to dMacedonia. 14 aBut thanks be to God, who always bleads us in triumph in Christ, and manifests through us the csweet aroma of the dknowledge of Him in every place. 15 For we are a afragrance of Christ to God among bthose who are being saved and among those who are perishing; 16 ato the one an aroma from death to death, to the other an aroma from life to life. And who is badequate for these things? 17 For we are not like many, apeddling the word of God, but bas from sincerity, but as from God, we speak in Christ cin the sight of God.