1 Then the Lord said to Moses, "aSee, I make you as God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. 2 "You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother aAaron shall speak to Pharaoh that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land. 3 "But aI will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may bmultiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt. 4 "When aPharaoh does not listen to you, then I will lay My hand on Egypt and bbring out My hosts, My people the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt by cgreat judgments. 5 "aThe Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I bstretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the sons of Israel from their midst." 6 So Moses and Aaron did it; aas the Lord commanded them, thus they did. 7 Moses was aeighty years old and Aaron eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharaoh. 8 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, 9 "When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, 'aWork a miracle,' then you shall say to Aaron, 'bTake your staff and throw it down before Pharaoh, that it may become a serpent.'" 10 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh, and thus they did just as the Lord had commanded; and Aaron threw his staff down before Pharaoh and his servants, and it abecame a serpent. 11 Then Pharaoh also acalled for the wise men and the sorcerers, and they also, the bmagicians of Egypt, did the same with ctheir secret arts. 12 For each one threw down his staff and they turned into serpents. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs. 13 Yet aPharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said. 14 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go. 15 "Go to Pharaoh in the morning as ahe is going out to the water, and station yourself to meet him on the bank of the Nile; and you shall take in your hand bthe staff that was turned into a serpent. 16 "aYou shall say to him, 'The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, sent me to you, saying, "bLet My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness. But behold, you have not listened until now." 17 'Thus says the Lord, "aBy this you shall know that I am the Lord: behold, I will strike the water that is in the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and bit will be turned to blood. 18 "aThe fish that are in the Nile will die, and the Nile will become foul, and the Egyptians will bfind difficulty in drinking water from the Nile."'" 19 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Take your staff and astretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their streams, and over their pools, and over all their reservoirs of water, that they may become blood; and there will be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.'" 20 So Moses and Aaron did even as the Lord had commanded. And he lifted up athe staff and struck the water that was in the Nile, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, and ball the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 21 The fish that were in the Nile died, and the Nile became foul, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. And the blood was through all the land of Egypt. 22 aBut the magicians of Egypt did the same with their secret arts; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said. 23 Then Pharaoh turned and went into his house with no concern even for this. 24 So all the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, for they could not drink of the water of the Nile. 25 Seven days passed after the Lord had struck the Nile.