Now ain the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on bthe thirteenth day cwhen the king's command and edict were about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated them.
aThe Jews assembled in their cities throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus to lay hands on those who sought their harm; and no one could stand before them, bfor the dread of them had fallen on all the peoples.
Even all the princes of the provinces, athe satraps, the governors and those who were doing the king's business assisted the Jews, because the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them.
Indeed, Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame spread throughout all the provinces; for the man Mordecai abecame greater and greater.
Thus athe Jews struck all their enemies with the sword, killing and destroying; and they did what they pleased to those who hated them.
At the citadel in Susa the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men,
and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha,
Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha,
Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha,
athe ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews' enemy; but bthey did not lay their hands on the plunder.
On that day the number of those who were killed at the citadel in Susa was reported to the king.
The king said to Queen Esther, "The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men and the ten sons of Haman at the citadel in Susa. What then have they done in the rest of the king's provinces! aNow what is your petition? It shall even be granted you. And what is your further request? It shall also be done."
Then said Esther, "If it pleases the king, alet tomorrow also be granted to the Jews who are in Susa to do according to the edict of today; and let Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows."
So the king commanded that it should be done so; and an edict was issued in Susa, and Haman's ten sons were hanged.
The Jews who were in Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day of the month Adar and killed athree hundred men in Susa, but bthey did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Now athe rest of the Jews who were in the king's provinces bassembled, to defend their lives and rid themselves of their enemies, and kill 75,000 of those who hated them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
This was done on athe thirteenth day of the month Adar, and bon the fourteenth day they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.
But the Jews who were in Susa aassembled on the thirteenth and bthe fourteenth of the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth day and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.
Therefore the Jews of the rural areas, who live in athe rural towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a bholiday for rejoicing and feasting and csending portions of food to one another.
Then Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far,
obliging them to celebrate the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same month, annually,
because on those days the Jews rid themselves of their enemies, and it was a month which was aturned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and bsending portions of food to one another and gifts to the poor.
Thus the Jews undertook what they had started to do, and what Mordecai had written to them.
For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and ahad cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.
But awhen it came to the king's attention, he commanded by letter bthat his wicked scheme which he had devised against the Jews, cshould return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. And abecause of the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them,
the Jews established and made a custom for themselves and for their descendants and for aall those who allied themselves with them, so that they would not fail bto celebrate these two days according to their